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Aprenda a tocar la guitarra y el ukulele

Stanley A. Lucero


I learned to play some basic chords on the ukulele in 10th grade in Taos, New Mexico [1964]. 

I started learning to play the guitar in my Freshman year at New Mexico Highlands University in Las Vegas, New Mexico [1967]. 

Now, [2020], I am still playing the guitar and the ukulele for my own enjoyment and at family and local celebrations. 

I am still learning new songs, new chords, and new strums.

Here are some of my tips for you.

Press on the links for additonal information.


YOUR FIRST GUITAR: Get a decent instrument with a case or gigbag to start learning.

FIRST POSITION: Learn the 14 basic beginning 1st position chords on the guitar.

PRACTICE ½ every day on your major instrument and gradually increase your practice time to one hour every day..

PLANT selected fingers when changing chords.

METHOD BOOK: Buy a guitar or ukulele book that reflects your interests, language and culture. MEMORIZE each lesson in your method book before moving on to the next lesson. TEACHER: Find a teacher or class to guide you, inspire you, and challenge you. NOTES: Learn to play your guitar or ukulele by note.

Names of FINGERS of the left hand and right hand.

CHORDS: Learn 2 chords a month.  This means you can play each chord quickly and every string sounds good.

CHORD PROGRESSIONS: Start with sets of 2, then sets of 3, then sets of 4 or more chords.

BARRED CHORDS:  Learn how to bar E on the guitar and A on the ukulele.


MOST COMMON MEXICAN STRUMS: Bolero, corrido lento, polka, cumbia, chotis, vals and huapango. Listen to strums.


STRINGS: Change all your guitar or ukulele strings every 4-6 months. 

CALLUSES: The first few weeks are the hardest until you develop your calluses.

PLAY BY EAR: Learn to play your guitar or ukulele by ear by listening carefully and imitating what you hear.

SONGS: Memorize each song you learn to increase your performing list.

FREE SHEET MUSIC & LESSONS: This is an excellent, free website to help you learn to play an instrument.


EXCERCISE YOUR FINGERS: Stretch and exercise the fingers of both hands on a daily basis to develop strength and control.


Learn short chord progressions and gradually move to longer chord progressions.

ARPEGGIOS: Learn to play arpeggios on the guitar or ukulele using four fingers on your right hand.

Schedule regular times to practice with other guitar and/or ukulele players.

GRUPOS LATINOS Y SUS INSTRUMENTOS: Dibujos de grupos y instrumentos.

Most of all; enjoy the  music you are learning and mastering.

Learn your basic scales in the easiest keys: C, G, and F. G MAJOR SCALE ON GUITAR:  Learn how to play the scale in the first position and the second position. LIRICA CON ACORDES: Lyrics and chords for songs in Spanish for beginning to advanced guitar players and singers. C SCALE ON ALL STRINGS.  Guitar and Ukulele
LIST OF VIDEOS: List of videos by Stanley A Lucero with name, key, and chords used. STANLEY A LUCERO YOU TUBE ARTIST CHANNEL: Videos by Stanley A Lucero on a variety of instruments: guitar, ukulele, requinto, and jarana. 

YouTube Video for Strums on the ukulele

Master the basic guitar strums: corrido lento, vals, simple bolero, etc.





Chords in English C D E F G A B
Acordes en espanol Do Re Mi Fa Sol La Si









  • Set your goals for each week and each month.
  • Remind yourself why you decided to learn to play the guitar or the ukulele
  • During the first few weeks you need to develop calluses on the fingers that press on the strings. 
  • It will be painful for a few weeks. 
  • Take a break when your fingers start hurting. 
  • Make sure you practice every day. 
  • When the fingers of your left hand get tired, practice your right hand [and visa versa].
  • You need an instrument that is well made and in good condition. 
  • If the neck of your instrument is curved [bowed], you need to take it to a music store for service.
  • In some cases,you will be better off getting a replacement instrument.
  • Keep your instrument in the case when you are not playing it.
  • Keep your instrument away from hot and cold temperatures
  • Change all of your strings every four months.
  • New strings have a clear and fresh sound. 
  • Here are some tips regarding when to change your strings.
  • Your strings look rusty or discolored. 
  • It's getting harder to tune your strings.
  • Your iinstrument sounds lackluster [old, tired]
Practice Schedule
  • Practice a minimum of 30 minutes every day.
  • Two 15 minute practices a day might work better for some of you.
  • Gradually increase your practice time to one hour [or more] every day
Chord Goals
  • Learn the basic major chords: GUITAR: A; C; D; E; and G. UKULELE: :A; C; D; F;and G.
  • Learn the basic minor chords: GUITAR: Am; Dm; and Em. UKULELE: Am; Dm; and Gm.
  • Learn the basic seventh chords: GUITAR: A7; B7; C7; D7; E7; and G7. UKULELE: A7; C7; D7; E7; F7; and G7.
  • Learn to play bar chords on the GUITAR with the five basic patterns: E; Em; A; Am;and C7
  • Learn to play bar chords with the UKULELE with the four basic patterns: A; Am; D; Dm and F7
Scale Goals
  • Learn to play the basic major chords using open strings and the first three frets and fingers 1; 2; and 3
  • Learn to play the basic major chords using any four consecutive frets and fingers 1; 2; 3; and 4
Song Goals
  • Learn to play the chords
  • Learn to sing the song
  • Learn to play the melody
  • Learn to play the bass line
  • MEMORIZE what you learn
Strumming Goals
  • Learn to play the slow 2/4 [corrido] rhythm
  • Learn to play the fast 2/4 [polka] rhythm
  • Learn to play the 3/4 [vals] rhythm
  • Learn to play the 3/4 [huapango] rhythm
  • Learn to play the 4/4 rhythm [bolero]
  • Learn to play the 4/4/ rhythm [cumbia]
  • Learn the "p-i-m-a" appegio pattern
  • Learn the  "p-i-m-i-a-i-m-i" appegio pattern



Page updated September 7, 2020